The Need to be Licensed
Geoscience is a regulated profession in Canada. To practice in a province or territory in Canada geoscientists must register with the respective professional regulatory body and have a license to practice in that jurisdiction. For the purposes of recognition for professional practice and to protect the public in Prince Edward Island and Yukon (the one remaining province and one remaining territory where self-regulation of geoscience has not yet been implemented) geoscientists typically register in an adjacent Canadian jurisdiction. It is a legal requirement to be registered as a P.Geo, to practice geoscience. Like architects, doctors, lawyers, engineers, and accountants, registered and licensed geoscientists are held accountable and responsible for the work they do. Only in this way do we earn the trust and respect of the public our profession exists to protect.
For example, in Quebec the Ordre des géologues du Québec states :
For Ontario, the regulatory body has published a useful pamphlet as an aid to understanding the need to become a licensed P.Geo. As with other professions in Canada, geoscience is regulated at the provincial/territorial level under statutes that establish each of the regulatory bodies, define the scope of practice for geoscientists, and establish protected title for individuals who practice geoscience. The regulatory body is responsible for issuing a licence to practice to an individual and it is illegal to practice in that jurisdiction without a licence. In some other countries, professional bodies will recognise the competency of individual geoscientists by accrediting persons with a professional designation or title, but it may not be a legal requirement that all persons practising geoscience in that jurisdiction be registered or licensed. It is in Canada!