Individuals are required, by law, to be a P.Geo to practice geoscience at a professional level in Canada. The statutes regulating the profession in both Northwest Territories and Nunavut establish one regulatory body to govern practice in both jurisdictions. For professional recognition and to protect the public in Prince Edward Island and Yukon – the one remaining province and one remaining territory where self-regulation of geoscience has not yet been implemented – geoscientists typically register in an adjacent Canadian jurisdiction.
This means that while there are 10 regulatory bodies governing practice, geoscience is regulated in 11 out of Canada’s 13 provinces and territories. For specific information consult the legislation and/or the regulatory body in the relevant jurisdiction.
Also in all provinces and territories, except British Columbia and Quebec, it is necessary for a corporation undertaking geoscience work to also register and obtain a license to practice. The corporate license issued by the regulatory body is called either a Certificate of Authorization or a Permit to Practice. Stipulations for the issuance of corporate licences vary from province to province but usually include such items as:
- Articles of Incorporation
- Professional Practice Insurance
- A list of P.Geo employees willing to serve as designated responsibility holders
In the same way that the P. Geo. must act at all time in the public interest and must adhere to a code of ethics and are individually accountable for their work, the entity that is the holder of the corporate licence similarly must adhere to the Code of Ethics, is accountable and may be subject to complaint and discipline proceedings.